Corneal dystrophy

Corneal dystrophies can significantly interfere with visual function. Many corneal dystrophies are inherited and present bilaterally.

One of the most common corneal dystrophies is keratoconus. This is a progressive disorder in which the central and/or inferior central cornea thins and becomes irregularly curved. Affected individuals typically require optic correction with hard contact lenses. End-stage keratoconus requires a corneal graft to salvage visual function.

Investigation is currently underway to determine whether collagen cross-linking can slow progression of the disease and remove or reduce the requirement for corneal grafting.

Other corneal dystrophies include lattice, granular, macular and Fuch’s dystrophy.

For further information on keratoconus, visit Keratoconus Australia.

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